【公告】1100322 農學院院長的話-智慧揚帆 深耕農業 Smart Technology Taking Root in Agriculture

智慧揚帆 深耕農業

智慧科技導入傳統農學教育,達到永續農業現代化的願景,是臺灣農
業發展的重要基石。傳承百年的嘉大「農學院」地處雲嘉南最重要的農業
生產區域,擁有嘉義農林、嘉義農專及嘉義技術學院的悠久歷史,傑出校
友遍布海內外事業有成。時代變遷,現有農藝、園藝、森林暨自然資源、
木質材料與設計、動物科學、生物農業科技、景觀與植物醫學8 個學系、
1 個博士學位學程及農業推廣中心、動物試驗場及園藝技藝中心附屬單
位,具有堅實的教學研究基礎,接軌智慧發展的動能,揚帆迎接農業新世
代。

● 結合人工智慧(AI)、大數據(IR)及物聯網(IoT)的智農時代
配合國家新農業政策,嘉大「農學院」與農業相關部會,輔導雲嘉南
地區農民,栽種出高品質農產品,利用人工智慧(AI)影像辨識系統提升
監測效率;田間機器人替代傳統作業,有效減少人力及提升精準度,除培
訓學生強化實務經驗,亦協助農民即時管控農作物生長與健康評估,減少
栽培過程中所面臨的風險;另外也結合大數據分析( IR)及物聯網
(IoT)應用於農業生產、讓政府端及第一線農民有效掌控各類農產栽植
總量,減少農產品產銷失衡。
109 年嘉大與上櫃公司廣積科技股份有限公司簽署建置智慧農業戰情
中心系統產學合作,初期由嘉大提供草莓溫室,針對室內栽培場域,裝設
廣積科技設計的智慧環境監控系統,並搭配IoT 網路服務技術,透過廣積
AGS100 閘道器系統作為邊緣運算設備做資料蒐集,將草莓溫室內栽培作業
環境參數,如環境中土壤、溫度或濕度等,上傳至戰情中心伺服器資料庫
系統進行研究分析,建置農業資料庫。未來該中心將逐步與農學院各研究
領域的實驗溫室及試驗場連線,除蒐集資料建立大數據資料庫外,也可藉
由遠端操控作業,進行溫濕度監控、澆水、施肥、飲水及飼料投放等智能
化自動作業,節省人力及精準調使用量,邁向智慧農業新世代。

● 農業為立國之本,新農業發展生態與科技並存
「農學」是一門「顯學」,不但具有「生產、生活、生態」的永續經
營目標,更可兼顧理論與實際之「教學、研究與推廣服務」之科學。嘉大
「農學院」在永續農業發展的農藝與園藝科學上,講求生態、有機及自然
等友善耕作方式,深耕良性循環的生態經營,輔助農民栽培出優質的農產
品,並且透過智慧生產與數位服務專業人才之培育能力所需,提供多元的
發展及選擇。嘉大農學院又以「學生農場」為基地,推動農村景觀再生與
發展規劃,提升休閒農業優化旅遊及跨領域結合區域的產業。而生物技術
於農業發展的重要性,可補足傳統農業科學所欠缺之現代生物技術專長,
由生物技術及分子生物學應用於現今智慧/精準農業領域,結合動植物基
因轉殖、植物組織培養、農業微生物之開發與利用、DNA 疫苗及農業分子
檢測等更可減少學用落差,提升學生就業力。
臺灣是世界第二大蝴蝶蘭出口國,全球市占率高達三成以上,年產值
超過60 億新台幣,而臺灣國際蘭展也是世界三大蘭展之一,舉世聞名。臺
灣蘭業有今日的規模其關鍵在於阿里山山下的嘉義大學,更有「撐起臺灣
蘭業半邊天」之美名。嘉大園藝學系有國內首屈一指的蘭花生技特色學程
及園藝技藝中心,培育出能與產業鏈結並立即接軌的蘭花專業人才,國內
不少知名蘭園經營管理者及核心幹部均為該學系畢業校友,堪稱培育蘭花
人才的搖籃。

● 落實資源永續經營教學 強化學生無縫接軌能力
嘉大「農學院」於林業重點上,以新創「精準林業經營技術體系」建
立資源經營調查及經營方案規劃之技能;育林領域加強對臺灣保育類植物
組織培養技術的應用發展;保育方面在石虎及玄彩蝠等研究更是國內生態
領域翹楚。木材科學則以技術智慧再創技術巔峰,由木材加工、木材產業
經濟、木質產品設計與國際木材貿易等共同推動國際交流夥伴與不同海外
實習體驗,瞭解木質家具產業營運之前瞻與未來,達到可帶薪海外實習並
取得文憑,順利與國際接軌,贏得產學合一之先機。動物產業專業知識與
智慧技術在理論與實務並重原則,著重基礎智能,強化動物營養、生理、
遺傳與育種、禽畜生產及牧場經營與動物產品加工利用等更能符合市場所
需。

● 農業公費專班培養現代農業接班人
配合行政院農委會推動的「新世代農業工作者培育方案」政策,嘉大
「農學院」率先協助政府建構在學4 年農業公費生,畢業後從事農業至少
4 年的人才培育體系,以教育具現代化農牧場經營管理及行銷推廣專業素
養與能力的從業人員,展現教育與政策結合之連貫性,提高年輕人口農業
就業比例。國內目前多所大學承接此項培育專才重任,嘉大地處雲嘉南最
重要的農業生產區域,具深厚的農學教育基礎,更是責無旁貸。將智慧科
技導入傳統農學教育,達到農業現代化之願景,成為臺灣農業發展的重要
基石。

Smart Technology Taking Root in Agriculture

Incorporating smart technology into traditional agricultural education is key
to shaping the future of Taiwan’s agriculture, characterized by modernization and
sustainability. Founded for over a century, the NCYU College of Agriculture is
located in the agricultural hub of the Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan region. The university
is the result of the long-time merger of Kagi Agricultural and Forestry School,
National Chiayi Institute of Agriculture, and National Chiayi Institute of
Technology. It boasts a wealth of outstanding alumni known for their remarkable
achievements all over the world. After decades of evolution, the university
comprises eight departments (including including Agronomy, Horticultural
Science, Forestry and Natural Resources, Wood Materials and Design, Animal
Science, BioAgricultural Science, Landscape Architecture and Plant Medicine),
one Ph.D. Program, and affiliated units such as the Center of Agricultural
Extension, Animal Experiment Farm, and Horticultural Technology Center. With
solid teaching and research experience, the university is dedicated to redefining
agriculture with the groundbreaking smart technology.

● A Smart Farming Future Characterized by Artificial Intelligence (AI),
Big Data (IR) and Internet Of Things (IoT)
In conjunction with the country’s new agricultural policy, the NCYU
College of Agriculture has been collaborating with the agricultural authorities in
offering guidance to farmers in the Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan region in growing highquality
agricultural products and improving monitoring efficiency by using
artificial intelligence (AI) image recognition system; and improving traditional
farming practices with field robots, which effectively reduces labor work and
enhances accuracy. In addition to enhancing students’ practical experience, it has
been assisting farmers in real-time control of crop growth and health assessment,
and thus reducing the risks in cultivation. Furthermore, application of big data
analysis (IR) and Internet of Things (IoT) to agricultural production enables the
government and farmers to effectively measure the amounts of various
agricultural products and prevent an imbalance of production and sales of
agricultural products.
In 2020, NCYU signed an agreement with iBase Technology Inc., an OTC
company, on conducting an academic-industrial cooperation project to establish
the Smart Agriculture Command Center System. In the earlier phase, the
strawberry greenhouse, one of NCYU’s indoor cultivation facilities, is installed
with the smart environmental monitoring system designed by iBase Technology.
Data is collected through the IoT network technology and iBase Technology’s
AGS100 gateway system as the edge computing equipment. Cultivation
environment parameters within the strawberry greenhouse, e.g. soil, temperature
or humidity in the surroundings, is uploaded to the server database system of the
Command Center for further analysis. It can also be used to enrich the agricultural
database. In the future, the center is expected to work with experimental
greenhouses and test fields in various research fields of the College of Agriculture
on a gradual basis. Apart from collecting data to set up a big database, intelligent
automatic operations ranging from temperature and humidity monitoring,
watering, fertilization, and drinking water and feed dispensing will be carried out
through remote control, thus unveiling the new era of smart agriculture by
reducing labor work and precisely adjusting usage.

● Agriculture is the Foundation of a Country: Ecology and Technology
Coexisting in the New Agricultural Age
Agriculture is a practical science that aims to achieve the goal of sustainable
management in “production, life, ecology” by putting theory into practice through
“education, research and promotion services.” To reach the goal of sustainable
agricultural development in terms of agronomy and horticultural sciences, the
NCYU College of Agriculture is commited to developing eco-friendly, organic
and natural farming methods to create virtuous cycles of ecological management,
and assisti farmers in cultivating high-quality agricultural products. It also
provides diversified career development and choices through training
professionals with smart production and digital service skills. With “student farm”
as the base, the NCYU College of Agriculture hopes to promote rural landscape
regeneration and development planning, and optimize tourism and cross-field
integration of regional industries by promoting leisure agriculture. Biotechnology
and molecular biology are adopted in the field of smart/precision agriculture, as
biotechnology is employed in terms of agricultural development to integrate
traditional agricultural science with modern biotechnological perspectives.
Complete with animal and plant gene transfer, plant tissue culture, development
and utilization of agricultural microorganisms, DNA vaccines, agricultural
molecular testing, etc., it is expected to help reduce the education-job mismatch,
and enhance students’ employability.
Taiwan is the world’s second largest exporter of Phalaenopsis, with a global
market share of more than 30%, and an annual output value worth more than
NT$6 billion. The world-known Taiwan International Orchid Show is one of the
world’s three largest orchid exhibitions. Located at the foot of Alishan, NCYU,
who plays an important role in the development of orchid industry of Taiwan, is
reputed to “hold up half the sky for Taiwan’s orchid industry.” The nationally
known Program of Orchid Biotechnology and Horticultural Technology Center,
established under the NCYU Department of Horticultural Science, have been
nurturing orchid professionals who align with expectations and meet demands of
the workplace. As many managers and cadres of well-known orchid gardens in
Taiwan are its alumni, the department can be called the cradle of orchid
professionals.

● Facilitating Education on Sustainable Resource Management to
Enhance Students’ Competitiveness in the Job Market
In terms of forestry, the “precision forestry management technology system”
was newly created at the NCYU College of Agriculture to nurture skills for
resource management investigation and management plan planning. In the field
of afforestation, they hope to facilitate the application and development of tissue
culture technology for conservation plants in Taiwan. In terms of conservation,
the College of Agriculture is one of the leaders in ecology studies on leopard cats
and dark woolly bats in Taiwan. Wood science reaches another breakthrough with
technological wisdom. To shed light on the foresight and future of the wood
furniture industry, they have been facilitating international exchange partnership
and overseas internships through wood processing, wood industry economy,
wood product design, international wood trade, etc. The objective is to provide
participants with paid overseas internships and diplomas, and help enhance their
international employability, and bridge the gap between academia and industry.
As both theory and practice in professional knowledge and smart technology
matter in the animal industry, they hope to focus on basic intelligence, animal
nutrition, physiology, genetics and breeding, livestock production and pasture
management, and animal product processing and utilization, among others. All
these allow the students to stay attuned to market demands.

● Publicly Funded Agricultural Programs to Train Agricultural
Professionals of the Next Generation
In conjunction with the “New Generation of Agricultural Worker
Development Project” implemented by the Council of Agriculture, Executive
Yuan, the NCYU College of Agriculture spearheaded in assisting the government
to construct a four-year publicly funded professional training system for students
who are required to be engaged in farming for at least four years after graduation.
It is targeted to nurture practitioners with professional knowledge and
competencies in modern farming and pasture management and marketing, bridge
the gap between education and policy, and increase the proportion of young
people engaged in farming. As many universities in Taiwan have taken the task
to cultivate agricultural professionals, NCYU, which is located in the agricultural
hub of the Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan region with a solid foundation in agronomy
education, sees it as its responsibility to do so. Incorporating smart technology
into traditional agricultural education is key to shaping the future of Taiwan’s
agriculture, characterized by modernization and sustainability.